Shale Gas – Cheap, Abundant and Cleanest fuel but with *conditions!!
Shale gas is Natural gas trapped within the shale formations. Shale’s are the fine-grained sedimentary rocks which bears rich resources of petroleum and Natural gas. Recent technology like hydraulic fracturing and Horizontal drilling has given rise to this new age fuel. Due to these technology we can now extract a huge amount to natural gas and petroleum which was very difficult in the past. These technology has made the prices drop in USA and has rejuvenated the natural gas sector.
while we know how easy and efficient this gas can be but it has its disadvantages. Shale gas is potentially lucrative and dangerous at the same time. In USA it has been going on in some states while in other it has been banned. There is a High risk of Water contamination due to leakage.
Shale Gas World wide
China and USA have the biggest Shale gas reserves, followed by Argentina and mexico.
A diagram showing hydraulic fracturing.
Effect on USA
The shale gas technology has made gas cheap again. there are about 40,000 active shale gas wells in USA currently. This has been sensational in USA. There are concerns about this processes, however it has begun in UK, china and Australia . Its being done extensively in USA. There are many protest groups which are taking action on this project in USA and all around the world. such as Frack off.
Fracking is a nightmare! Toxic and radioactive water pollution. Tap water you can set on fire. Earthquakes. Runaway climate change. To produce expensive gas that will soon run out.
Campaign group Frack Off
Pros for Shale gas.
Shale gas is cleanest form of fuel. Its better than burning coal or oil. On burning these natural gases they emits lower levels of carbon dioxide and sulfur dioxide . Its efficient too when it’s used in power plants . It produces less amount of carbon dioxide per unit output of electricity than oil and coal.
Cons of shale gas.
There are some environmental concerns for shale gas.
First, The fracturing requires a large amount of water, so in some areas it can create shortage of water. Secondly, if the fracturing liquid or fluid is mismanaged , which contains hazardous chemicals it can be released in faulty well constructions, leaks etc thus it can pollute the surrounding. Third, the water that has been used in the fracturing processes has to be treated before its reuse ,because it can contain dissolved chemicals.
To see the info-graphic blog visit “the-what-where-and-how-of-shale-gas“